The World Congress on Criminology, held in Doha this week, witnessed a series of sessions on a range of topics related to crime and law.
The sessions focused on innovative approaches and partnerships to strengthen cooperation between universities and the United Nations; the implementation of sustainable development goals; science and technology and criminology education; financial and white collar crime and juvenile delinquency.
During the Middle East research session, Mohammed Ali Al Mal, a legal expert at the Ministry of Administrative Development, Labor and Social Affairs, presented a working paper: The National Committee to Combat Human Trafficking and its Efforts at Different Levels.
He said that the phenomenon of human trafficking constitutes a grave violation of the fundamental human rights to liberty, security and personal dignity and is incompatible with the principles and provisions of religions and with human values. He stressed that there has been increased interest in combating this phenomenon at all local, regional and international levels to promote and protect human rights.
The paper reviewed Qatar’s support for the UN Global Action Plan against human trafficking since its adoption, and how the state has taken many legislative measures, including the legislation of Law No 15 (2011) to combat human trafficking. The law criminalises trafficking in all its forms.
Law No 21 (2015) repealed the sponsorship system and Law No 15 (2017) regulated their legal relationship with the employer, guaranteeing their rights and equality with other workers, in accordance with ILO Convention No 189 of 2011 on appropriate domestic work. Law No 1 (2015) stipulated the wage protection system, which amended some provisions of Labor Act No 14 (2004) which stipulates that the salary of workers must be transferred to a bank account and that companies are obliged to join the system in order to preserve the workers rights.
Professor Nurah Rashed Al Sahlawi of the Faculty of Law of Qatar University also presented the paper, Cyber terrorism in International Laws, which dealt with cybercrime and its multiple implications.
The World Congress on Criminology, held for the first time in the Middle East, is the premier global event that brings together representatives of a number of international organisations involved in combating crime, top academics, professionals, policymakers and representatives of the security and legal sectors from more than 40 countries around the world.
For more information about the event, visit intercrim.com.