Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC) is encouraging residents to create a proper meal planner in advance that will enable healthy eating and ensure their body gets its daily required nutrients during Ramadan.
According to Rawdha Jassim Al Muttawa, Specialist Dietitian at HMC, meals during Ramadan are divided into four parts – Iftar; after Taraweeh prayers; after midnight; and Suhoor (pre-dawn). She said:
It is natural to have Iftar full of flavored dishes as it can include food choices from both lunch and dinner but it should still be a healthy meal and overeating should be avoided.’
Al Muttawa stressed that making a healthy choice requires a change in food habits. She said:
It is ideal to first eat three pieces of dates at Iftar, followed by a drink of water or fresh juice or low fat yogurt to compensate for the dehydration and to provide your body with its relevant nutritional requirements. At Iftar, it is always advisable to give the stomach some time to relax and adjust to receiving food after the long fasting hours. Before eating solid foods after Maghreb prayer, a cup of soup and some low calorie salads, rich in fibers, are good for the stomach and preventing constipation and indigestion.’
Al Muttawa added that the main course can contain protein (red meat, poultry or seafood) and a type of starch (rice or bread). She suggested that meals should also be prepared in healthy ways such as steaming, boiling or grilling.
Al Muttawa advised that the ideal light meal after Taraweeh can be any type of starch, such as a small roll, and a piece of fruit with a cup of low fat milk and its products.
She cautioned against eating foods high in calories during the midnight meal called Ghabka – a common tradition during Ramadan. She said:
Eating Ghabka is amongst the most common traditions of Ramadan. People should opt for a more healthy choice such as vegetables, a type of meat, any starchy food and a half cup of fresh juice or a piece of fruit. They should avoid high calorie foods that can lead to weight gain. Suhoor meal is considered the ‘must-have’ main meal in order to avoid hunger during fasting hours. Proteins, oils and complex carbohydrates (beans family) are the best choice for Suhoor. Skipping Suhoor or eating fast foods high in fat and salt can also trigger thirst during fasting hours.’
Al Muttawa said traditional foods such as fried samosa, ‘thireed’ (red meat with bread), and ‘harees’ (oats pureed with oil) are calorie packed and should be prepared in a more healthy way. She said:
I advise eating fewer sweet desserts that most people consume during Ramadan because the sweets contain high starch, sugars and saturated fats that suppress appetite and prevent the urge to eat healthy food.’
In addition, Al Muttawa advised against drinking too much tea and coffee in Ramadan as they tend to block iron absorption and increase urine flow that can lead to dehydration. She said:
It is advisable to replace tea and coffee with mint and ginger drinks to avoid bloating. Ideally, a fasting person should drink up to eight glasses of water between Iftar and Suhour.
HMC has been the principal public healthcare provider in Qatar for over three decades. HMC manages eight hospitals, incorporating five specialist hospitals and three community hospitals. HMC also manages the National Ambulance Service as well as home and residential care, all accredited by Joint Commission International. HMC is leading the development of the region’s first academic health system and is committed to building a legacy of healthcare expertise in Qatar. HMC collaborates with partners who are key experts in Qatar and beyond, including Weill Cornell Medical College-Qatar, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement and Partners Healthcare, Boston.