National Museum of Qatar Unveils First Natural History Exhibition on Dugong
The National Museum of Qatar (NMoQ) has unveiled Seagrass Tales, Dugong Trails, a special exhibition on the dugong (baqarat al bahr), the shy marine mammal that has inhabited the waters surrounding the Qatar peninsula for more than 7,500 years.
The exhibition, Seagrass Tales, Dugong Trails, will examine the animal, its environment, and its continuing cultural significance for Qatar, while also highlighting how the community can mitigate the dugongs threat of extinction. The exhibition is presented in collaboration with ExxonMobil Research Qatar (EMRQ) with the help of researchers and scientists from Texas A&M University at Galveston and Qatar University (QU). The exhibition is also supported by the Ministry of Municipality and Environment (MME) and the UNESCO Doha Office.
According to NMoQ Director Sheikha Amna bint Abdulaziz bin Jassim Al Thani, the dugong is a fascinating creature and its story is sure to captivate museum visitors of all ages.
We want to inform our public about the importance of protecting these mammals, which have special cultural and environmental significance to the people of Qatar. With this in mind, the National Museum has adopted the dugong as its official mascot.
We are thankful to our many partners who supported the research behind Seagrass Tales, Dugong Trails, especially ExxonMobil Research Qatar.
Protecting the Dugong
Since 2014, ExxonMobil Research Qatar, Texas A& M Galveston and QU have collaborated to develop research on the dugong in Qatar to protect their natural habitat. In 2018, ExxonMobil Research Qatar launched a campaign to raise environmental awareness to protect the dugong.
ExxonMobil Research Qatar Senior Environmental Scientist Nayla Al Naema said they are delighted that NMoQ is hosting the exhibition, adding how important it is to support the conservation efforts to protect Qatars dugong population.
Im incredibly passionate about this gentle creature were privileged to have in our waters and its wonderful to see it being portrayed in its natural habitat so remarkably were grateful for the museums partnership and support.
The exhibition takes the name Seagrass Tales, Dugong Trails from the trails that the animal leaves as it travels through seagrass meadows, an important element of the underwater ecosystem. Eating all day and all night, dugongs use their heavy bones to sink down to the seafloor and their bristly snouts to detect plants and sweep them into their mouths.
Seagrass Tales, Dugong Trails
The exhibition will be organised into three overarching themes learning, discovery and experience. Exhibition researcher Evangelia Patmali and NMoQ Head of Exhibitions Bouthayna M Baltaji are jointly curating the exhibition.
Visitors will be introduced to the dugong a sirenian (or sea cow) closely related to the manatee, and the last living species in the Dugongidae family and will be invited to learn about the animal’s physiology and anatomy, scientific classification and evolution, and history in the region.
Dugongs typically measure more than three metres in length and can weigh up to 550 kg. They date back 50 million years to the Tethys Sea region. While dugongs typically live alone or in small groups travelling along the coast and grazing on up to 40 kg (10% of their mass) of seagrass per day, the largest herds in the world comprising approximately 800 dugongs coming together to
breed, have been recorded in Qatar.
The exhibition will also highlight how the dugong has long held significance to the people of Qatar. Historically, dugong hide was used for sandals, their tusks for Sheikhs swords, and their oil and fat for cooking, medicine, potions, and to coat wooden boats. For decades, the animal has
inspired indigenous communities to make art and engage in scientific study.
The dugong lives in three main areas in the Gulf: the coastal area in the UAE near Murawah Island, the northwest coast of Qatar from the Zekreet peninsula and the Hawar Islands to Ras Ushayriq and offshore to Fasht Adhm, Bahrain, and the coastal region of Saudi Arabia between the UAE and Qatar.
Although dugongs are protected under the Qatar MME and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), localised fishing, pollution, and coastal development have contributed to environmental degradation that threatens the animals extinction.
The exhibition will conclude by sharing how visitors can help protect the dugong in Qatar, as well as highlight the different professions in research and conservation (marine biologists, chemists, geologists, palaeontologists, ecologists, zoologists, ethologists, etc) that are helping to maintain the dugongs natural habitat.
Informative and Interactive
Throughout the exhibition, visitors will have the opportunity to engage in experiential activities, offered within NMoQs comprehensive protocols for preventing COVID-19. The unique experiential environments will include a simulated underwater habitat and a laboratory. An exhibition highlight includes the installation of a dugong skeleton from 2012. The remarkable skeleton was recently added to the permanent collection of NMoQ, graciously donated by a family from Al Khor city.
Additional exhibition highlights include a presentation of the flora and fauna found in dugong habitats, including the few species of seagrass that can tolerate the high salt levels and extreme temperature variations of the Gulf, as well as green sea turtles, snapping shrimp, Arabian carpet sharks, goatfish, and blue swimming crabs.
The exhibition will also detail the history of dugong research in Qatar, displaying a timeline of the first discoveries and excavations to the construction of the first full skeleton. An infant dugong, discovered by Dr Mehsin Al Ansi (Qatar University) with Ismail Al Shaikh (EMRQ), will also be on view at the entrance to the NMoQ school lobby.
Protecting and Preserving the Local Marine Life
The baby dugong taxidermy and skeleton will be on display alongside a film screening that explains the last days before its passing. The baby dugong died after being separated from its mother – most likely due to a vessel strike or bycatch accident. The film aims to serve as an important reminder for the wider community to protect and preserve local marine life.
The dugong was selected as NMoQs mascot based on its representation of the museums ethos of sustainability and environmental awareness, and for its cultural significance as part of Qatars local heritage. Last year, in celebration of the museums first anniversary, local and international artists, designers and creatives were invited to design a dugong mascot for the National Museum of Qatar. In October 2020, NMoQ announced Gaylord ‘Choy’ Salonga, a graphic designer from the Philippines, as the winner of its Dugong Mascot Design competition.
Seagrass Tales, Dugong Trails will remain on view until 15 July and is presented as part of the Qatar-USA 2021 Year of Culture.
In keeping with the guidelines set by the Ministry of Public Health, a limited number of visitors and staff will be allowed inside each museum. Visitors will be required to reserve tickets in advance via the Qatar Museums website.
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