The State of Qatar presented its experience in accomplishing criminal justice for the inmates and juvenile on the sixth day of the 13th UN Crime Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Doha 2015, taking place from 12 to 19 April 2015 at the Qatar National Convention Center (QNCC).
The Director of Human Rights Department Brigadier, Abdullah Saqr Al Muhannadi, presented the paper about the experience of Qatar, which was prepared in association between Human Rights Department, Penal and Reformatory Establishments Department and Security Strategic Studies Center at the Ministry of Interior. Director of Security Strategic Studies Center, Major Muhammed Rabeea Al Kaabi, chaired the session.
Advisor to the Minister of Interior and Chairman of the Preparatory Committee of the UN Crime Congress Doha 2015, Major General Dr Abdullah Yousuf Al Maal, ; Director of International Cooperation Department, Major General Abdul Azeez Al Ansari; Director of Penal and Reformatory Establishments Department, Brigadier Muhammed Saud Al Othaibi; Director of Nationality and Travel Documents Department, Brigadier Abdullah Saad Al Buainain; Director of Strategic Planning Department, Colonel Abdul Rahman Al Sulaiti; Director of Public Relations Department, Colonel Abdullah Khalifa Al Muftah; and a number of officers from the Ministry of Interior attended the session.
According to Brigadier Abdullah Saqr Al Muhannadi, the special report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations on follow-up results of the Twelfth United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Social Justice and the preparations for this conference that the ‘holding of Thirteenth Congress certainly provides a unique opportunity for the development of the criminal justice system at the top of the priority in the context of strengthening the rule of law in the area of sustainable development’.
He then added that the importance and vitality of the criminal justice system and crime prevention cannot be understood without associating it with human, social and economic development issues and establishing the state of institutions and law and wise governance. On the other hand, the issues of reforming the culprits is a serious social threat faced by the state and the people alike and the state and the people has the important responsibility for the protection of concerned persons who are considered among the first social category for care. The Qatari constitution has given high importance for the social, legal and security aspects and the Qatar Vision 2030 has also upholds these values. The Qatar vision is a comprehensive vision for the future with broad prospects of economic, social and cultural progress and environmental protection and human development for this generation and subsequent generations and it is consistent with the Constitution in the provisions of the link between the security and social issues on justice and the rule of law approaches, and this indicates that the national vision aims at establishing a community which is based on justice, charity and equality.
Commenting on the general strategy of the Ministry of Interior, Brigadier Al Muhannadi said that the Strategy of the Ministry was formed in consistence with the Constitution and Qatar Vision, linking between the security issue and the issues of justice from one side and social issues on other hand and this is what is stated in the general principles of the strategy which stipulates the practice of the agencies of the Ministry of Interior for its tasks such as protecting the rights of others, justice and equality and practices of the principle of the rule of law and social adherence at individual, family and community level.
Explaining about the pillars of the strategy, the Director of Human Rights Department, said that the first pillar of the strategy ‘public security’, particularly the article related with crime prevention and combating, stipulates the understanding of the reasons of the crime in order to early detection of wrong behaviours and its outcomes and to ensure the speed of preparation and planning to confront and restrict them among the society and in the second pillar ‘relationship with community’ emphasises on importance of building relationship of mutual respect with the society.
He added that the strategy of the Ministry of Interior in regards of criminal justice of prisoners and juveniles involves a vital indication that stems from the strategic nature of being culturally proficient in organizational achievements in the administrative process of the Ministry. The Ministry has prepared its systems and departments like Penal and Correctional Institution, Juvenile Police and Human Rights Department governed by strategic and scientific planning where they realized wide range of activities to reform the offenders and protect the juveniles.
The paper included with two pats first of which focuses on achieving international criminal justice standards for prisoners and juveniles, and the second to ensure criminal justice for inmates of penal and correctional institutions. It also referred to the role of Human Rights Department in their contribution to social care of prisoners and juveniles.
Major General Abdul Aziz Al Ansari emphasized the importance of discussions and meetings in the Thirteenth United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on the existence of the so-called Code of Conduct in the penal and correctional institutions, both in Arab Interior Ministers’ Council, and international level. It is in the study phase and will come into light soon.
According to Brigadier Abdullah Saqr Al Mohannadi, there are already clear rights in regards to those who deal with prisoners. The State of Qatar, when started on the preparation of penal and correctional institutions, has put a special law on dealing with the prisoners. Human Rights Department at the Ministry of Interior has contributed in the preparation of the executive regulation of the law to ensure the requirements of the human rights for the inmates and his family as well as the right of those who deal with them. All these match with international standards, which were drafted in 1955, in line with the social values and principles of Islam.