The Qatar International Center for Conciliation and Arbitration (QICCA) at Qatar Chamber concluded its Legal Week on Thursday, 1 April with a webinar on ‘Legal Criteria and Cybersecurity Requirements’.
QICCA Board Member for International Relations Sheikh Dr Thani bin Ali Al Thani praised the success of QICCA Legal Week, which saw more than 740 participants and 26 speakers from Qatar and other countries. The event will be held annually to highlight issues and topics related to arbitration and law.
Sheikh Thani stressed that the State of Qatar and its wise leadership attached great interest to cybersecurity, referring to the Amiri decision recently issued on the establishment of the National Agency for Cybersecurity. The agency will maintain national cybersecurity, enhance the vital interests of the country, prepare a national strategy for cybersecurity, develop frameworks for managing cyber risks, and prepare a national plan for response and recovery from cyber incidents and attacks.
Qatar has developed its technological infrastructure to combat all kinds of cybercrimes and sought to strengthen cooperation with world countries in this regard.
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Cybercrimes in Arab countries
Moderated by Dr Diaa Noaman, the last day sessions highlighted topics on the protection of personal data, the legal controls for cybersecurity, the implications of cybercrimes in Arab countries and the rehabilitation of lawyers and its impact on cybersecurity of justice.
Criminal Law professor at Police College, Dr Yasser El Lamey talked about the protection of personal data between reality and expectations, noting that the development of information technology and artificial intelligence is accompanied by developments in cybercrime. He said that the new legislation and laws help in safeguarding the confidentiality of personal data and information not to be used for commercial purposes.
El Lamey also stressed the importance of issuing legislation to protect the privacy of personal data and at the same time, guarantee the right to access information, as well as confirm the commitment of states to apply the principle of transparency regarding the measures which might have an impact on the privacy of personal data.
Legal controls for cybersecurity
Professor of Public International Law, Dr Mona Kamel Turki meanwhile, talked about legal controls for cybersecurity. She said that digital information is ‘wealth’ and is closely linked to the politics of countries’ economy and international systems.
The challenge facing information security requires a legal and regulatory environment for cyberspace, as a legislative base that includes laws, regulations and instructions related to security measures when laws are violated.
Dr Turki also reviewed laws, regulations and instructions related to cybersecurity, measures needed for enhancing it, as well as the different types of cybercrimes.
She recommended establishing a coordinated system for cybersecurity to avoid cybercrimes, setting up a focal point for managing cyber incidents and developing plans, procedures and protocols regarding response during emergency cases.
Effects of cybercrimes in Arab countries
Dr Abdulmoneam Abdulhafiz, an expert in cybercrimes in Sudan, reviewed the effects of cybercrimes in Arab countries. He stressed that cybercrimes include many forms such as hacking, electronic infringement of material and moral rights, phishing, extortion, fraud, defamation, breach of privacy, plagiarism, among others. These crimes negatively affect individuals and society.
He stressed that combating these crimes require developing legislations and laws, enhancing cooperation between countries, in addition to raising awareness on the use of electronic devices and applications and calling on the media to raise awareness on the dangers of these practices.
Lawyers and cybersecurity
Dr Omar Al Khataibeh, from Al Khataibeh Center for Arbitration in Jordan, discussed the role of lawyers and their impact on cybersecurity, and the importance of training lawyers.
He said that lawyers should have good communication skills, as they deal with courts, arbitration bodies, institutions, companies, organisations, and clients. He also stressed the importance of understanding lawyers as ‘key to justice’, developing their competence in areas of cybersecurity and facilitating international cooperation between lawyers.
For more information about the recent QICCA Legal Week, visit qatarchamber.com.
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