Two leading experts in their respective fields of medicine spoke at Weill Cornell Medicine – Qatar’s (WCM-Q) Grand Rounds to discuss oral cancer and the impact of lifestyle on the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Visiting expert Dr Sanjiv Kaul of the Knight Cardiovascular Institute at the Oregon Health & Science University in Portland gave a presentation titled ‘Lifestyle and Cardiovascular Risk’. Dr Kaul, who also holds the title of Professor of Medicine and Radiology, explained how both dietary and non-dietary changes to lifestyle habits can improve cardiovascular outcomes:
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the number one killer of people in the world today. Our risk of CAD is partly determined by factors beyond our control, such as family history, gender and age. But many other factors that determine CAD risk are within our control, such as a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, obesity, stress and hypertension. In fact, 85% of CAD is preventable and can be treated if detected early. So lifestyle plays a very, very important role in coronary artery disease.’
Dr Dominique Laatz, then gave a presentation titled ‘Oral Cancer: Basic Facts and Early Detection’. In this lecture, he outlined the demographic patterns of oral cancer incidence and discussed the methodology of cancer screening. He then went on to explain the risk factors like tobacco use, alcohol consumption, human papillomavirus (HPV), and chewing betel quids or areca nuts.
Over 85% of all oral cancer cases are associated with tobacco consumption – that is clearly a very significant number. Furthermore, consuming alcohol plus tobacco is a very bad idea because it the effect is “super-multiplicative” – that means you get a much, much higher risk if you do them both, it does not just double.’